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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

2 edition of Eyewitness identification, legal and practical problems found in the catalog.

Eyewitness identification, legal and practical problems

Nathan R. Sobel

Eyewitness identification, legal and practical problems

by Nathan R. Sobel

  • 232 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by West Group in [St. Paul, MN] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Eyewitness identification -- United States.,
  • Evidence, Criminal -- United States.,
  • Right to counsel -- United States.,
  • Criminals -- United States -- Identification.

  • Edition Notes

    Publisher varies: Clark Boardman (1981-1990); Clark Boardman Callaghan (1991-1996)

    Statementby Nathan R. Sobel.
    SeriesCriminal law series
    ContributionsPridgen, Dee.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (loose leaf) ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18442430M
    ISBN 100876323670

      eyewitness identification procedures. The working group’s report, Eyewitness Evidence: A Guide for Law Enforcement (NIJ Guide), was published in The NIJ Guide presents research and practical perspectives on eyewitness identification and provides recommendations to promote the accuracy and reliability of eyewitness evidence.   For example, Wall ( 5) has suggested that "the major problem, where actual guilt or innocence is involved, has been and is now the problem posed by the evidence of eyewitness identification." Judge Jerome Frank has suggested that erroneous identification of the accused may constitute the major cause of known 47 48 wrongful convictions.

    Eyewitness Identification: Issues in Common Knowledge and Generalization in addition to the practical implications of this phenomenon. In recognition of this problem, the legal system has. Prior to any lineup, law enforcement shall record a thorough description of the perpetrator from each eyewitness, taken separately for each eyewitness, in her or her own words. 2. Witness Instructions Prior to the start of the identification procedure, the officer shall read the witness instructions. Specific.

    Although eyewitness identification is highly fallible, it still carries great weight with jurors. and Dexter, H. () Juror sensitivity to eyewitness identification evidence. Law and Human Behavior, 12, Huff, C. () Wrongful conviction: Societal tolerance of injustice. Research in Social Problems and Public Policy, 4, knowledge and practical experience from jurisdictions large and small across the United States and Canada. I applaud their effort to work together over the course of a year in developing this consensus of recom-mended practices for law enforcement. In developing its eyewitness .


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Eyewitness identification, legal and practical problems by Nathan R. Sobel Download PDF EPUB FB2

EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION, LEGAL AND PRACTICAL PROBLEMS on *FREE* shipping on qualifying cturer: THOMSON-WEST. Eye-witness identification: legal and practical problems, [Nathan R Sobel] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

hardbound with supplementCited by: Eye-witness identification: legal and practical problems. [Nathan R Sobel] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Search. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library Book\/a>, schema:CreativeWork\/a> ; \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0 library.

Buy Eyewitness identification: Legal and practical problems 2nd ed by Sobel, Nathan R (ISBN:) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : Nathan R Sobel. Buy Eyewitness Identification Legal and Practical Problems 2 by Sobel, Nathan R., Pridgen, Dee, Vogelman, Lawrence A., Ruoff, David W.

(ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : Nathan R. Sobel, Dee Pridgen, Lawrence A. Vogelman. Eyewitness Identification provides access to recent cases and expert interpretations of eyewitness identification law.

Coverage includes the due process test for eyewitness identification, exclusionary sanctions in identification cases, photo and voice identification. Poor eyewitness identifications are a problem across the country but reforms are possible.

New Jersey has instituted eyewitness identification procedures across the board. The guidelines call for the double-blind administration of photo or live lineup identifications.

California Western School of Law is a Non-Profit Organization under the. In eyewitness identification, in criminal law, evidence is received from a witness "who has actually seen an event and can so testify in court".

The Innocence Project states that "Eyewitness misidentification is the single greatest cause of wrongful convictions nationwide, playing a role in more than 75% of convictions overturned through DNA testing.".

Georgetown Law Journal Annual Review of Criminal Procedure () (note that the annotations in the Georgetown Law Journal reviews of various criminal procedure topics are updated annually). The case law on suggestiveness of eyewitness identification procedures addresses questions of law that judges must determine, i.e., whether the.

Inan Illinois law enforcement project conducted a field experiment that compared double-blind sequential identification with simultaneous eyewitness identification. They found a higher rate of correct identifications in simultaneous nonblind lineups and a higher rate of false identifications in sequential double-blind lineups.

2 Eyewitness Identification Procedures. Police in the United States investigate millions of crimes each year.

1 Only a small percentage of the police-investigated crimes involve the use of police-arranged identification procedures.

Identification procedures are unnecessary when, for example, the perpetrator is caught during the commission of the criminal act, as in the crime of driving while. Eyewitness researchers, however, have generally viewed eyewitness confidence as not a particularly useful indicator of identification accuracy, and most analyses label the average CA (confidence-accuracy) relationship as around 0 to.3 (Kassin, Tubb, Hosch, and Memon, ).

The NAS report on eyewitness identification has led to practical reforms, but the larger message of the report is the promise of a long-overdue partnership between science and law. This is a case in which modern science is now having a profound influence over a critical matter of public policy, legal practice, and judicial standards, and in.

PRACTICAL PROBLEMS is a discussion of the constitutional rules for eye- witness identification first articulated in the Wade-Gilbert-Stovall tri- logy, as modified in Kirby v.

The testimony of eyewitness identification experts can aid jurors in understanding the psychology of mistaken identifications, but jurors ultimately have to try to decipher the accuracy of an identification on their own. Given what we know about the vagaries of eyewitness ID, this can be a difficult task.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sobel, Nathan R., Eyewitness identification, legal and practical problems (OCoLC)   The issues related to the criminal system failing, because of bad science or flawed eyewitnesses, is a concern that needs to be addressed to be able to provide a fair trial.

References Bowcott, O. (, January 15). Covering eyes can help witnesses recall crimes, study finds. The Guardian, Law. Eyewitness misidentifications played a role in another 14 Louisiana exonerations that did not involve DNA evidence. The study of the psychology of eyewitness evidence over the last 40 years shows that there are problems with traditional eyewitness practices that increase the likelihood of wrongful identification of an innocent suspect.

the slippery nature of eyewitness memory In each chapter, authors turn research into practice by providing clear and practical recommendations for effective police and legal reform.

This book is an important milestone in ongoing efforts to make mistaken convictions a thing of the past. Eyewitness identification occurs when a witness identifies the perpetrator of the crime or has deep knowledge of its commission.

The defendant has the rights to a criminal defense lawyer in a pretrial eyewitness identification. The LegalMatch online law library contains insights to help you with your case.

Learn more. 5 Applied Eyewitness Identification Research. The committee was tasked with (1) critically assessing the existing body of scientific research on eyewitness identification; (2) identifying gaps in the literature; and (3) suggesting other research that would further the understanding of eyewitness identification and improve law enforcement and courtroom practice.In addition, Dr.

Cutler has served as editor of the journal Law and Human Behavior, and he is currently president of the American Psychology-Law Society (Divis APA). In collaboration with his students and other eyewitness scientists, Dr.

Cutler continues to maintain an active research program, focusing on eyewitness identification.Wells’ book, “ Eyewitness identification: A System Handbook ” (Wells, ). This This text, published in Canada, was part of a law enforcement series directed at police officers.